Hello Everyone. In Today Blog we will learn about the WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT COMPONENTS OF ROAD or THE TECHNICAL TERMS USED IN ROAD CONSTRUCTION.
Right Of Way: The area of land acquired for construction and future development of a road symmetrically about the central alignment is called Right Of Way. Its width is also known as land width ans depends on importance of road and future development.
Formation Width: The Top width of the highway embankment or the bottom width of the highway cutting excluding the side drains is call formation width or road way.
Carriage Way: The portion of the road surface which is used for vehicular traffic is called carriage way. The width of carriage way depend on the width and number of lanes. For single lane road, the width of pavement is kept 3.75 m.
Crown: The highest point on the road surface is called crown.
Camber or Cross Slop: The rise of the center of the carriage way about its edges along the straight portion of the road is called camber or cross slop. The amount of camber for the roads is decided according to the road surface and the intensity of rainfall.
Separator or Divider: The narrow continuous structure provided for dividing the two directions of traffic flow is called separator or divider is called separator of Divider.
Shoulders: The portion of the road way between the outer edges of the carriage way and edges of the top surface of the embankment is called shoulders. The shoulders are generally in level with road surface and its slop is toward side drains. The shoulders and foot path prevents the edges of the road from wear and tear. The recommended width of the shoulder is 2.5 m.
Kerbs: The boundary between the pavement and shoulder of foot path is called kerbs. it is desirable to provide kerbs on urban roads.
Side Slopes: The slopes of the sides of earth work of embankments and cutting to ensure their stability is called Side slopes. The embankments are generally given a side slope of 1:1.5.
Berms: The width of the land left in between the toes of the embankment and the inner edges of the borrow pits is called berms.
I hope this article will help you in understanding about different technical terms used in road.
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